Alex Simotas, MD

Hospital for Special Surgery
Board Certified Physiatrist
Specializing In Spine & Sports Medicine

Home > Anatomy

A Basic Anatomy Lesson


The spine is an important part of the body. It is responsible for providing:

  • Support
  • Range of motion
  • Protection of the spinal cord and nerve roots
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The spine is made up of many bones called vertebra.

A Few Words On Medications

Various types of medication are used to treat pain, injuries, and inflammation. These include analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), steroids, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants.… Read More

Age, Injury, or Disease of the Spine

When is something found on tests like an X-ray, MRI, or CT scan important?  You get these tests back from your doctor and they are often loaded with things like:
Narrowed discs
Slipped vertebra (spondylolisthesis)
Are these important?  … Read More

How Pain Works

The Anatomy of Pain? What is it?

How does something that like a cut on our finger, or bruise on our back get into nervous system and our experience of pain?… Read More

Myths or Truths in Back Pain

Myth 1: Getting plenty of rest is the best defense against back pain. Right? Wrong!
Truth: Resting in bed or lying on the couch for too long can actually delay recovery and make your pain worse.… Read More

Taking on the Back Pain Syndrome

The Back pain “Syndrome”
Most scientists today would agree that back pain in its various forms is best understood as a syndrome rather than a disease.… Read More

Tendonitis, Bursitis & Arthritis

This article will briefly discuss three common forms of musculoskeletal disorders referred to as tendonitis, bursitis, and arthritis.… Read More

When Is Surgery An Option?


The majority of all spine conditions can be treated with non-operative therapies. There are several scenarios with regard to spine conditions where surgery may be considered as a possible therapy.… Read More