Alex Simotas, MD

Hospital for Special Surgery
Board Certified Physiatrist
Specializing In Spine & Sports Medicine

Home > Spine

Cervical Radiculopathy


Cervical radiculopathy refers to a pinching or inflammation of a cervical nerve from its exit point in the spine, called the neuroforamen.… Read More

Cervical Stenosis


This condition is a narrowing of the spinal canal that results from the degeneration of bones, discs, or joints in the cervical spine.… Read More

Disc Herniation


This rupture of a vertebral disc can be caused by the normal wear of aging or by traumatic injury. A herniated disc can push painfully against a nerve root, sending pain down the sciatic nerve and resulting in a burning, tingling and/or numbing sensation from the lower back down to one or both feet.… Read More

Facet Joint Syndrome


This condition is a detereoration of the facet joints, which help stabilize the spine and limit excessive motion. The facet joints are lined with cartilage and surrounded by a lubricating capsule that enables the vertebrae to bend and twist.… Read More



This unnatural curving of the spine is a deformation caused by disease or damage to the vertebrae.

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Myelopathy is spinal cord dysfunction related to abnormal pressure placed on the spinal cord. Unlike conditions that cause pressure on individual nerve roots, this type of damage can result in loss of nerve function anywhere along the spinal cord below the damaged area.… Read More



This condition is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the lumbar spine. Because these nerves travel to the hips, buttocks, legs and feet, an injury in the lumbar spine can cause symptoms in these areas.… Read More



About two percent of people are affected by this deformation of the spine, which causes the normally straight spine to curve.

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Spinal Stenosis


Spinal stenosis results from new bone and soft tissue growth on the vertebrae, which reduces the space in the spinal canal. When the nerve roots are pinched, a painful burning, tingling and/or numbing sensation is felt from the lower back down to the legs and sometimes all the way to the feet.… Read More


Spondylolisthesis is the anterior or forward displacement of one vertebra in relation to the vertebrae below. The term spondylolisthesis comes from the Greek spondylos or vertebra and olisthesis which means “a slip”.… Read More


Spondylosis is the name given to describe the process of age related degeneration of the spine. This process is reviewed in detail in the article titled “the significance of spinal degeneration and how it relates to pain”, in our leaning center.… Read More